The roof is a part of the house that most homeowners forget to maintain and pay attention to. The truth is that the roof ages and goes through wear and tear the same as any other part of the house and even more in some cases due to the external havoc that weather can play. Standard roofs that have been built with asphalt, metal or wood roofing shingles can last at least a decade and a half, accounting for climatic concerns but every type of roof needs timely and careful maintenance at least twice a year.
1. Prevention Is Better Than Cure
Preventing common problems like water and moisture build up, rot, organic matter accumulation and other drainage issues can prevent your roofing material from getting damaged or cracked over time. By practicing sound preventative measures you can ensure your roof ages well from the inside and outside and ultimately that will lessen the need for extensive repairs or expensive replacement. The attic is very important so ensure it has proper insulation and ventilation so moisture or mold is not attacking the roof from inside. Create vents for proper insulation if none
exist and make sure they are cleaned every now and then.
If the vents that are already present in your attic are insufficient you can also buy ventilation fans. The other aspect of prevention is external, to prevent the accumulation of organic matter. If ivy or other predatory vines are growing at the side of your house traveling up to the roof, always trim them back along with tree branches that partially cover the roof. Fallen leaves can build up and then rot causing mold to grow on the roof; the same applies to dead animals or fallen branches. Investing in the services of a professional roof cleaner at least every 4 months can prevent this from happening.
2. Vigilance Pays Off
Keeping tabs on the health of your roof can ensure a widespread problem does not suddenly appear. If you have an attic, go and inspect it every now and then for wet spots, leaks, mold and keep a check on other rooms as well such as the basement. Sometimes due to blocked downspouts or drainage systems the water can leak onto second storey windows or the basement. If you are comfortable climbing onto the roof or have a passage for entry then inspect the shingles and the roof itself every few months. A professional roofer can of course be hired for this task as they have expertise and special tools to detect small, minuscule cracks and signs of damage before they grow to become a considerable problem.
3. Gutters And Adequate Drainage
Drainage systems, pipes and gutters are an aspect of the home that few people pay attention to. If there are pipe and drainage blockages they can build up and cause mold, bacteria, and damage the surface of the roof. Water and organic sludge must not be allowed to stay standing on the surface of the roof as there are always micro-openings and crevices that will ultimately allow the water to enter which will damage your walls in the interior of the home. Keep your gutters clean through timely maintenance and gutter cleaning professionals can also be hired if you suspect a problem is underway.
4. Weather-Specific Maintenance
Some areas see a lot of rainfall or snowfall and some might face scalding hot summers for the majority of the year. Adapting your maintenance routine to the climactic conditions that are faced by your house is a very effective and useful way of ensuring your roof lasts for decades to come. If your area gets a lot of snowfall, have a schedule for removing the snow off your roof even if you have a sloping roof as some snow will still remain and cling to the shingles as the winter winds turn it into ice frozen on the shingle itself. Snow is a lot heavier than most people realize and it can weaken the structural integrity of your roof if it is left on there in a large amount. The weight can also cause asphalt, shale, or ceramic roofing shingles to crack and allow water to leak through. If a shingle appears cracked in the snowy winter time, contact commercial roof leak repair professionals right away so they can repair the shingle before the damage spreads as a weakened shingle will only get worse with time and impair the longevity of surrounding shingles.
5. Insulation And Energy Utilization
The quality of the insulation material used in the roof will determine how cold and heat retain themselves in the house and whether or not there is a proper outlet for moisture. Having ventilation and insulation solutions in place can help you save on energy bills in the medium to long term as well as costly repairs. Proper insulation measures mean that heat and air conditioning is retained in the space well and it also lessens the environmental aspect of using these appliances.
6. Wash Off Mold
Mold is the sworn enemy of your roof as it can grow between shingles and loosen them as well as be indicative of water damage. Once the spores of mold form they can cause allergies and breathing problems in sensitive children and adults and create a semi-toxic air quality in the house. Keeping on top of mold formation is therefore essential and wherever you see mold occurring regardless of whether it is the interior or the exterior of the house, use a solution of liquid bleach with water to remove it with a sponge or scraper for harder areas. If you feel your choice of roofing material might be affected by the bleach, dilute it with water a lot or use an organic variant that is less corrosive. In many cases the coloring on top of asphalt shingles for example or paint on wooden shingles can get altered with chemical cleaning solutions if the homeowner is not careful.