Basic wall frames structures with no thermal insulation
Battens 1″2″/ 25 x 50 mm
Boards 3/4″ x 4 1/2″/ 20 x 11 5mm
Lumbers 2″ x 4″/ 50 x 100 mm
There are many types of walls and simple wall framing structures. One of them, probably the simplest type is the basic type of wall structure with exposed load-bearing components. With respect to the absence of thermal insulation, this type is suitable for warmer climates or for non-residential storage/day spaces.
The structure is also useful for the designs of tiny garden architecture like garden sheds, playhouses or relax rooms. This type of structure is generally known as the two by four type structural timber frame, based on the diameter of the structural elements (2″ x 4″ /50 x 100 mm). It has spread from USA to all over the world.
- A. Anchoring board to stud
- B. End of the lower edge of the cladding
- Top plate
- Bottom plate
Main part of the wall framing are the load-bearing components: wall plates (top and bottom), vertical studs, nogging in between the studs securing them and diagonal bracing protecting from lateral forces. Unlike in the regular wall profile, there are no additional layers of insulation, such as the thermal insulation, vapour-barrier or rainscreen. Therefore the external cladding is connected directly to the load-bearing frame, usually via screws or nails, which makes the whole construction process less complicated, faster and cheaper.
Book about wall construction and others
To learn much more information about wall framing as well as many other parts of DIY construction, refer to the How to build a tiny house book! Step by step guide with detailed instruction for anyone interested in building and financially accessible houses.